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EXPENDITURE

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EXPENDITURE

Postby Dr. Goodword » Fri Feb 08, 2013 10:41 pm

• expenditure •


Pronunciation: ek-spen-dê-chUr • Hear it!

Part of Speech: Noun

Meaning: The act of spending money, the money spent, or the thing the money is spent on.

Notes: This Good Word is the noun of the verb expend, created by the addition of the suffix -ure preceded by the semantically empty suffix -it. It is a synonym of the much simpler and stylistically less elegant expense. The active adjective is expensive, whose meaning has wandered a bit off course, while the passive adjective is expendable "which may be expended" or "unnecessary, dispensable".

In Play: Expenditures required for the conduct of business are called business expenses, not expenditures. However, if you would like to lift the level of your speech around the office, today's word will help: "The expenditures on chocolate ice cream in your department are simply not justifiable, Miss Concepción." But this word is just as useful around the house: "When my daughter asked me to increase her allowance, I countered by suggesting she reduce her expenditures."

Word History: You might think today's Good Word a captive of high finance, but it comes with a salmagundi of relatives including spider, pendant, spontaneous, penthouse and, believe it or not, pansy. The underlying verb expend comes from Latin expendere "to pay out", a verb made up of ex- "out" + pendere "to weigh". All these words originated from the Proto-Indo-European (s)pen- "to stretch, draw, spin". We find it with and without the initial Fickle S. It came to English with the S in spin, span, and spider. Without the [s] it turns up in Latin pendere "to weigh", a verb which devolved into French as penser "to think" (mentally weigh), Spanish and Portuguese pensar, and Italian pensare. The noun from this verb, pensée "thought, memento", was borrowed by Middle English as the name for pansies. (For a very small expenditure of time, Bill Dyson very thoughtfully suggested today's Good Word.)
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby Philip Hudson » Sat Feb 09, 2013 2:06 am

Shakespeare has Ophelia telling Hamlet:"There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray you, love, remember.
And there is pansies, that's for thoughts."
It is dark at night, but the Sun will come up and then we can see.
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby Perry Lassiter » Sat Feb 09, 2013 2:30 am

I am much more likely to use the word "expense," rather than the longer term.
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby MTC » Sat Feb 09, 2013 8:30 am

Let's not overlook the Latin root, pendere, has a number of important senses:

"Verb pendere (da) (intransitive)

1.To hang (from)
2.To be pending
3.To slope or slant
4.(nautical) To list (of a ship)"

(http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pendere)

Think of the hang sense, e.g:

"the pendent Sword of Damocles."

"the pendent evil of the spider."
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby Philip Hudson » Sat Feb 09, 2013 9:02 am

"Heavy, heavy, hangs over your head." - a children's game
http://www.gamesmuseum.uwaterloo.ca/Vir ... heavy.html
It is dark at night, but the Sun will come up and then we can see.
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby Slava » Sat Feb 09, 2013 12:18 pm

If you get lost in thought and then return to the land of the living, are you expensive?
Life is like playing chess with chessmen who each have thoughts and feelings and motives of their own.
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby LukeJavan8 » Sat Feb 09, 2013 12:58 pm

Well, you certainly were 'expansive' upon return.
-----please, draw me a sheep-----
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby MTC » Sun Feb 10, 2013 6:18 am

LukeJavan8 wrote:Well, you certainly were 'expansive' upon return.


As one would expect after a vowel movement.
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Re: EXPENDITURE

Postby LukeJavan8 » Sun Feb 10, 2013 12:33 pm

Touche
-----please, draw me a sheep-----
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