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Maoism

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Maoism

Postby Apoclima » Mon Mar 21, 2005 7:20 am

a form of communism developed in China by Mao Zedong


Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–1976). In the People's Republic of China (PRC) it is the official doctrine of the Communist Party of China. Since the reforms of Deng Xiaoping started in 1978, however, the definition and role of Mao Zedong's ideology in the PRC has radically changed.


Unlike the earlier forms of Marxism-Leninism in which the urban proletariat was seen as the main source of revolution, and the countryside was largely ignored, Maoism focused on the peasantry as a revolutionary force which, he said, could be mobilised by a Communist Party with "correct" ideas and leadership.


Unlike most other political ideologies, including other socialist and Marxist ones, Maoism contains an integral military doctrine and explicitly connects its political ideology with military strategy. In Maoist thought, power comes from the barrel of the gun, and the peasantry can be mobilized to undertake a "people's war." This involves guerilla warfare using three stages.


A key concept that distinguishes Maoism from other left-wing ideologies is the belief that the class struggle continues throughout the entire socialist period (between capitalism and communism).


Some historians today regard Maoism as an ideology devised by Mao as a pretext for his own quest for power. The official view of the Chinese government was that Mao did not create Maoism to gain power, but that in his later years, Mao or those around him were able to use Maoism to create a cult of personality.


Maoism

Apo
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Postby anders » Mon Mar 21, 2005 2:23 pm

It is very interesting to note that in the recently (5 March) released, extremely important official gov't document 过去一年工作回顾 (something like 'looking back at the past year'), "Mao Zedong Thought" is not mentioned. This might be a first. I find no mentioning of Deng Xiaoping either, but it might be hiding somewhere; it's a long document, still way beyond my reach. Anyway, there still is the "three represents" of Jiang Zemin, 三个代表, sange daibiao, (like "modern science and technology, modern culture, and what's beneficial to the people, all have to be represented in all doings of the party/gov't").

I know very little of Nepal. I think, however, that the "Maoists" there are leftovers from a period when China supported all kinds of supposedly friendly factions in neighbouring countries. I can't remember them having been even mentioned on the People's Daily on the 'net. Probably, the Chinese look at them as an embarrassment.
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Postby M. Henri Day » Mon Apr 18, 2005 12:58 pm

anders wrote:It is very interesting to note that in the recently (5 March) released, extremely important official gov't document 过去一年工作回顾 (something like 'looking back at the past year'), "Mao Zedong Thought" is not mentioned. ...

Anders, do you have a link to this document ? It sounds like a must !...

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Postby anders » Mon Apr 18, 2005 3:59 pm

While searching, I found the English text of the anti-secession law at http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/20050 ... 76746.html

Should be at least semi-official.

I haven't been able to find the Chinese text on the 'net; my 人民日报 copy carries no date (050314 plus perhaps a day?), but try searching for the name of the law:《反分裂国家法》.

Anyway, key phrases are "In the world, there's but one China" (Article 2 (of 10)): 世界上只有一个中国, and the use of "friendly/non-friendly means": 以和平方式 / 非和平方式.

Edited: I think the complete law is at http://chinability.com/Anti-secession%2 ... ese%29.htm

For 2005年政府工作报告(全文), there's http://chinability.com/2005%20governmen ... ese%29.htm

"I. Review of the Work in 2004   

Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the people of all our ethnic groups held high [here's where Mao and that ilk used to have been mentioned] the great banners of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of Three Represents, worked together in an innovative spirit, and made major achievements worth celebrating in the socialist modernisation drive in 2004."
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Postby M. Henri Day » Tue Apr 19, 2005 7:15 am

Thanks, Anders, for the links ! The Chinability website looks to be a very useful acquaintance, indeed....

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