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Shrewsbury - Salopian

A discussion of word histories and origins.

Shrewsbury - Salopian

Postby frank » Fri Jun 30, 2006 6:50 am

[quote]has one of the most complex developments of English place names and illustrates the changes wrought in Old English words by Anglo-Norman scribes who could not pronounce them. Recorded 1016 as Scrobbesbyrig, it originally may have meant "the fortified place in (a district called) The Scrub." The initial consonant cluster was impossible for the scribes, who simplified it to sr-, then added a vowel to make it easier still. The name was also changed by Anglo-Norman loss or metathesis of liquids in words containing -l-, -n-, or -r- (also evident in the derivatives of O.Fr. Berengier "bear-spear" -- O.H.G. Beringar -- name of one of the paladins in the Charlemagne romances and a common given name in England 12c. and 13c., which has come down in surnames as Berringer, Bellanger, Benger, etc.). Thus Sarop- became Salop- and in the 12c. and 13c. the overwhelming spelling in government records was Salopesberie, which accounts for the abbreviation Salop for the modern county. During all this, the Anglo-Saxon inhabitants (as opposed to the French scribes) still pronounced it properly, and regular sound evolutions probably produced a pronunciation something like Shrobesbury (which turns up on a 1327 patent roll). After a predictable -b- to -v- (a vowel in the Middle Ages) to -u- shift, the modern spelling begins to emerge 14c. and is fully established 15c.]/url]
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Postby skinem » Sun Jul 30, 2006 7:34 pm

Thank you for your interesting post, Frank!
I"ve always had an interest in place names and the evolution of such. Growing up in the American Pacific Northwest, I've found it interesting that Oregon, settled before the other states of the PNW (Idaho, Washington) predominantly uses English place names. Washington state has a much, much larger use of their place names retaining the original Native American names.
Of course, many people found those names difficult to say or spell (many still find it difficult.) Some towns retained original phonetic spellings, such at Stillaguamish, Snoqualmie, Skookum, etc. Others over time have changed, and still are changing. For years, the Native Americans inhabiting the Yakama Indian Reservation spelled the rez "Yakima" (the town is still spelled that way). In the 1990s, tribal elders determined it should be spelled "Yakama", returning to some earlier spellings. The town of Moxee (also on the rez) for years was spelled Mok-see.
Anyway, just some observations that place names continue to evolve and change.
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