In Hebrew a leap year is called a "pregnant year". When the Hebrew calendar has a leap or "pregnant" year, a whole month is added (Adar Bet or 2). The Hebrew calendar is a lunar one.
The Arabic calendar is also a lunar one, but I believe that they do not have a corrective year. This is the reason that Ramadan, and the other Muslim festivals, can be in the middle of the summer one year and in mid-winter a few years later.
Miscellaneous Other Topics.
Which is why the all-day fast for Ramadan can be REALLY long when it occurs near the Summer Solstice; but then, the all-night feasting should be longer during the Winter Solstice.
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- Grand Panjandrum
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