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Dr. Goodword
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Postby Dr. Goodword » Wed Sep 07, 2005 10:11 pm

• prevalent •

Pronunciation: pre-vê-lênt • Hear it!

Part of Speech: Adjective

Meaning: Wide-spread and commonplace, found everywhere, ubiquitous.

Notes: Today's word is the adjective from the very prevail, whose meaning has drifted slightly off course. The adverb is prevalently and the noun, prevalence. The sense of this word is more closely associated with time or frequency, as "storms are prevalent in the area", while ubiquitous is more closely related to place or area, as "palm trees are ubiquitous in the area". Other than these two connotative differences, the words are very similar in meaning.

In Play: You would certainly want to use this word in referring to anything occurring frequently: "Complaints about working in cubicles became so prevalent that the company finally eliminated them." However, it is also applicable where the frequency-area distinction is irrelevant: "The belief that black cats bring bad luck is prevalent at dog shows."

Word History: In Middle English today's word meant "very strong", taken from Latin prevalent-, the present participle of prevalere "to be stronger", the verb which also gave us prevail via French. The same root turns up in several other words that English borrowed from French and Latin, including valiant, valid, and value. The same ancient root, *wal- "strength, strong", came down directly (not via Latin) to English as wield. In German it turns up in walten "to govern, control" and in Russian vlast' "power" from earlier Proto-Slavic *wald-ti.
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M. Henri Day
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Postby M. Henri Day » Thu Sep 08, 2005 2:23 pm

Dr. Goodword wrote:...

Notes: Today's word is the adjective from the very [emphasis added [sub]MHD[/sub]] prevail, whose meaning has drifted slightly off course. ...

Typo for «verb» ? Let us pray that such lapses don't become prevalent....


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