The Present Active Participles
The present active participle, like all present participles, is derived only from imperfective verbs, since it refers to an action that is currently taking place or which takes place repeatedly. The simplest way of deriving the Present Active Participle is to remove the final т from the 3rd Person Plural form of the verb, add -щ plus the appropriate adjective agreement endings, i. e. -щий, -щая, -щее, -щие. For example, the second conjugation stem for "divide" is дел-и-, so the present active participle is formed like this: The verb делай- "do, make" ends on a consonant and so is a first conjugation verb. It forms its present active participle like this: . Other consonants stems, like вед- (вести) follow the same rule: .
Participles generally share a meaning with a который clause. Notice that the inflectional ending of the который clause is the same as that of the participle in the following examples. Notice also that, like который and adjectives, they agree with the noun in number and gender but, unlike который they also agree as to case.
|девушка, которая живёт у нас
the girl who lives with us
|девушка у нас
the girl living with us
|человек, который сидит на диване
the person who is sitting on the couch
|человек на диване
the person sitting on the couch
|собака, которая всегда лает
the dog that always barks
the dog always barking
|дерево, которое сейчас зеленеет
the tree that is turning green now
the tree that is now turning green
|Now Try a Few Yourself|
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