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The Indo-European Language Families
Reading this Table. This table shows how the Proto-Indo-European language broken up into the modern languages we know today. The first column of family stocks were originally the languages that developed directly from Proto-Indo-European. These languages became families by breaking up into dialects that became languages which themselves then produced dialects and languages, and so on and so forth. Bulleted languages (•Hittite) are now dead.
Stock Family Subfamily Languages
 Anatolian  •Hittite, •Luwian, •Lycian, •Lydian, •Palaic
 Balto-Slavic  Baltic  Latvian (Lettish), Lithuanian, •Old Prussian
 Slavic  East Slavic  Belarussian, Russian, Ukrainian
 South Slavic  Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian
 West Slavic  Czech-Slovak, Kashubian, Sorbian, •Polabian, Polish
   Celtic  Brythonic  Breton, •Cornish, Welsh
 Continental  •Gaulish
 Goidelic  Irish Gaelic, •Manx, Scots Gaelic
 Germanic  East Germanic  •Burgundian (Italy), •Gothic, •Vandal
 North Germanic  Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish
 West Germanic  High German  German, Yiddish
 Low German  Afrikaans, Dutch, English, Flemish, Frisian, German, Low German
 Hellenic  •Aeolic, •Arcadian, •Attic, •Doric, •Ionic, •Koiné  Modern Greek
 Indo-Iranian  Indic  Dardic  Kafiri, Kashmiri, Khowar, Kohistani, Romany (Gypsy), Shina
 Northwest Indic  Punjabi, Sindhi
 Sanskrit  •Pali, •Prakrit, •Sanskrit*, •Vedic*
 Central Indic  Hindi, Hindustani, Urdu
 East Indic  Assamese, Bengali, Bihari, Oriya
 Pahari  Central Pahari, Eastern Pahari (Nepalese), Western Pahari
 South Indic  Marathi, Sinhalese
 West Indic  Bhili, Gujarati, Rajasthani
 Iranian  East Iranian  •Avestan
 Baluchi, •Khotanese, •Khwarazmian, Ossetic, Pushtu, •Sogdian, Yaghnobi
 West Iranian  Kurdish, Pahlavi, •Parthian, Modern Persian (Farsi), Tajiki
 Italic  Osco-Umbrian  •Faliscan, •Oscan, •Umbrian 
 Latin  Eastern Romance  Italian, Romanian, Sardinian
 Western Romance  Catalan, French, Ladino, Portuguese, Provençal, Spanish
 Thraco-Illyrian  Albanian, •Illyrian, •Thracian
 Thraco-Phrygian   •Old Armenian, Armenian, •Phrygian
 Tokharian (W China)  •Tokharian A, •Tokharian B