Betray

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Dr. Goodword
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Betray

Postby Dr. Goodword » Tue Jan 22, 2019 12:00 am

• betray •


Pronunciation: bê-trayHear it!

Part of Speech: Verb

Meaning: 1. To violate a trust or duty, break a confidence. 2. Commit treason, give aid or comfort to an enemy. 3. To make known unintentionally by body language, intonation, facial expression, etc.

Notes: This word has two nouns, a personal one, betrayer, and an action noun, betrayal. It is clearly related to traitor, which comes from the same Latin source (tradere "to hand over").

In Play: This word is usually associated with high-level betrayals: "Cody Coder knew the four means of convincing someone to betray their country: money, ideology, coercion, and ego, known by the acronym MICE." However, we face more subtle betrayals every day: "Even though June McBride said, 'Yes', her face betrayed her displeasure at Phil Anders's request."

Word History: Today's Good Word comprises be-, a verbalizing prefix added to nouns + tray "grief, trouble", borrowed from Old French traine "betrayal, deception, deceit". The French noun derives from the verb trair "betray, deceive" from Latin tradere "to hand over", originally a compound comprising trans "across, over" + dare "to give". Dare comes from the PIE root do- "to give", whose remnants we find in several Indo-European languages, including Russian dat' "to give" and dacha "gift, dacha", Serbian dati "to give, French donner "to give", Greek doron "gift" and dosis "something given", which English borrowed and adapted as dose. (Lest we betray her, let us all thank Sue Gold of Westtown School for proposing today's excellent Good Word.)
• The Good Dr. Goodword

bnjtokyo
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Re: Betray

Postby bnjtokyo » Wed Jan 30, 2019 8:29 am

Does anyone remember the General Petraeus scandal?

George Kovac
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Re: Betray

Postby George Kovac » Wed Jan 30, 2019 10:03 am

Does anyone remember the General Petraeus scandal?


Yes. (The now civilian) David Petraeus and Paula Broadwell for starters.
“The messy layers of human experience get pulled together, and sometimes ordered, by words.” Colum McCann “But Always Meeting Ourselves” New York Times, June 15, 2009

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call_copse
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Re: Betray

Postby call_copse » Thu Jan 31, 2019 8:14 am

Ah, those innocent days when a scandal was just about a few people doing something wrong, rather than an ongoing entirely corrupt and traitorous administration...I miss those days.
Iain

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LukeJavan8
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Re: Betray

Postby LukeJavan8 » Thu Jan 31, 2019 12:31 pm

I"d prefer if politics were kept to the PM section of this
site.
-----please, draw me a sheep-----

bnjtokyo
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Re: Betray

Postby bnjtokyo » Fri Feb 01, 2019 6:22 am

call_copse, may I edit your sentence?
Ah, those innocent days when a scandal was just about a few people betraying us . . . .
LukeJavan8, What is the "PM section"?


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