• analphabetic •
æn-æl-fê-be-tik • Hear it!
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: 1. Not alphabetical, without alphabetical order, in scrambled order. 2. Illiterate, without a writing system.
Notes: As so many words ending on -ic, today's word has an optional suffix, -al, analphabetical that must be used in the adverb, analphabetically. The assumption apparently has been that anyone without knowledge of an alphabet must be illiterate. However, Japanese and Chinese are analphabetic languages, and the speakers of these languages are highly literate. The Chinese writing system is based on logograms, symbols reflecting the meaning rather than the sound of words. Japanese use a syllabary with symbols expressing syllables (ra, ro, ru, ri, etc.) rather than single sounds.
In Play: Probably the most useful function of today's word is as the antonym of alphabetical: "The names were categorized in an analphabetic order based on their origin rather than spelling." But this word is also a less well-known term expressing illiteracy, so you can say: "Tom sent us an almost analphabetic report," in Tom's presence, unless he is a subscriber to our Good Word.
Word History: Alphabet comes from the name of the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta. The Russian word with the same meaning is azbuka, based on the names of the first two letters of the Old Slavic language, az and buka. The Farsi (Persian) word is alefba based on the names of the first two letters in that language. Both Greek alpha and Semitic (Arabic and Hebrew) aleph come from the name of the first letter in the Phoenician alphabet, alf, which also meant "ox" because it originated as a pictogram of an ox borrowed from Egyptian hieroglyphics. Greek beta and Hebrew beth come from the name of the second letter in the Phoenician alphabet, bet, which also meant "house" for similar reasons. The Phoenician alphabet became the source of all the alphabets of Europe (Indo-European) and the Middle East (Semitic), whether related or not.
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